Actun Tunichil Muknal

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Mayan Life in the Caves

Actun Tunichil Muknal is a Maya archaeological site famous for "The Crystal Maiden", the skeleton of a teenage girl whose bones which have been completely calcified by the natural processes of the cave.

There are about 15 skeletal remains in the main chamber and these, and the Crystal Maiden herself, were probably sacrificial victims.

There are also many ceramic remains at the site, many of which are calcified to the cave floor, and the natural formations of the cave have been artistically modified by the mayans to create altars, faces and animals, some of which cast animal-shaped shadows into the cave.

Animal Life in the Caves

Animal life in the caves include large fresh water crabs, crayfish, catfish and other tropical fish, , large invertebrates like Amblypygi as well as bats and predatory spiders

Actun Tunichil Muknal Trip

We run an exciting trip air trip to Actun Tunichil Muknal, which is one of the most impressive caves in the Maya lowland.

Located in the heart of the Belizean rainforest, this cave was a sacred place to the prehistoric Maya of Belize, who first began to use the entrance during the early classic period (300-600 A.D.). It was not until the late terminal classic period (700-900 A.D.) that the Mayas traveled deeper into the cave to conduct their ceremonies.

The cave system consists of a series of chambers, ending in a 300 x 50 meter cathedral alter where sacrificial ceremonies once took place. Here you will be exposed to where individuals were sacrificed to the gods of the underworld.

Visitors to this cave have the unique opportunity to travel into the Maya past and witness a living museum where the human sacrifices and artifacts can be viewed in their original context.

About the Tour: Visitation to this site is limited to 5 persons per guide. At the end of the exciting drive, you'll trek for 45 minutes though dense jungle in the Tapir Mountain Nature Reserve and wade across three streams before reaching the cave entrance.

At the entrance to the cave you'll be outfitted with the necessary equipment and some swimming will be required. This is a premier, world-class caving and archeology experience that are unexploited and generally restricted to limited visitation.

Pick up time: 7:30 AM in Belize City Clients should be booked on the 7:00am flight with return to the island at 5:30pm Minimum number to guarantee: By request with 3 passengers Maximum number in a group: 15